Lump in Neck
Swollen lump in neck
Lump in neck is one of the most common symptoms of the disease of the neck. Disease comes from thyroid, neck tissues, lymph nodes of the neck, parotid gland and salivary gland. We can find the lump in front of neck, lump in back of neck, lump in side of neck, lump in neck under jaw, lump in neck below ear, lump on thyroid in neck, lump in neck above collar bone, or lump in neck muscle. Depending on the lump location, we can not diagnose the cause of the lump in neck. However, this position can provide basic information to us.
The characteristics of lump are varied. According to these features, we can further determine the nature of the lumps:
A painful lump in neck is usually inflammatory (The inflammation characteristic: red, swollen, heat, pain.). The tumors are the painless lump, but in advanced stage, the tumor invades surrounding tissues and damage them, you feel painful. If you feel a dull pain, when you press the lump, the pain can be amplified.
Malignant tumors (thyroid cancer) often is a hard lump in neck, can not be moved by pushing, but movable up and down along with swallowing. A swollen, soft lump in neck is more likely to be a benign tumor (hemangioma, cysts, soft tissue tumors, aneurysms).
A small lump in neck, such as pea sized lump in neck, often indicates swollen lymph nodes, that may be attributed to inflammation most of the time (infection, pulmonary tuberculosis, tonsillitis, etc.), as well as due to a cancerous lymph node metastasis:
- Malignant lymphoma - Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's disease
- Cancer of head and neck (Nasopharyngeal cancer, thyroid cancer, throat cancer)
- Lump in neck above collar bone (metastasis): Stomach cancer, esophageal cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, colon cancer etc.).
The neck and the supraclavicular area (above collarbone) are the most affected locations for lymph node metastases by cancers. The cancerous, swollen lymph nodes in neck, can be single or multiple, hard, painless at first but pain later, not movable or slightly movable. Multiple adjacent cancerous, swollen lymph nodes can stick together to form larger lump. In addition to this, in one case, there may be swollen lymph nodes in the armpits, groin or others. In advanced and late stages, the lump develops necrosis, ulceration, infection, bleeding, and malodorous secretions.
The location of lump in neck
Lump in front of neck: Thyroglossal duct cyst (a
malformation associated with thyroid development), Various thyroid diseases
(simple goiter, thyroid nodules, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroiditis,
thyroid cancer, thyroid cancer).
Thyroid cancer, a hard , not movable lump in neck with uneven surface. Other symptoms are not obvious. In advanced and late stages, the patients may have hoarseness, difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing, Horner syndrome, pain in the ears, occipital region of the head, shoulder. Thyroid cancer at an early stage can cause cervical lymph node metastasis. That is, there are swollen lymph nodes in neck.
Lump in neck under jaw, lump in neck under chin: Submandibular gland inflammation, submental dermoid cyst and lymphadenitis (lymph node inflammation).
Lump in side of neck: Thymic pharyngeal duct cyst, cystic lymphangioma, carotid artery, hemangioma; Or multiple swollen lymph nodes for lymph node inflammation, lymph node tuberculosis, metastatic tumors, malignant lymphoma.
Lump in back of neck: Fibroma, lipoma, acute and chronic lymph node inflammation.
Lump in neck above collar bone: Metastatic tumor from lung cancer, breast cancer, stomach cancer, pancreatic cancer and so on; Lymph node tuberculosis.
Lump in neck under ear: Mumps (parotitis), parotid gland tumors, parotid gland carcinoma.
How should you do for your lump in neck?
Most of the time, small lump in neck (especially pea sized lump in neck) is often enlarged lymph nodes due to acute and chronic inflammation of lymph nodes. Secondly, thyroid disease is a common cause; That causes lump in the form of enlarged thyorid, thyroid nodule, multinodular enlargement. The rest of causes are others. If you touch a pea sized lump in neck, it is just inflammatory lymph node enlargement and disappears quickly. If the lump gradually grows larger, or you do not understand the cause, contact your doctor.